Testudo (Agrionemys) horsfieldii (Russian tortoise)
Make sure that the food is offered on a special feed dish. Namely, if it eats away from the ground cover, sand and earth will be added to the feed. This can lead to intestinal complaints and blockages. A light or non-sturdy food bowl will therefore be quickly pushed over. To help them with this behavior, the food can be offered in smaller pieces. But this is of course not necessary.
Russian land tortoises need UV light to make vitamin D. You can give them this by using a UV lamp when they are kept indoors. If they are kept outside, the sunlight is sufficient.
Once it gets nice and warm outside, the tortoises can also be kept outside. An easy guideline is: when the temperature at night is above 20c degrees, the tortoises can stay outside, this is usually from April to September. This summer retreat has a few requirements that it must meet. It must have a shelter with a heat lamp in it. This ensures that they can still warm up on a colder day. The accommodation must also have shade and shelters. You can achieve this by placing some plants, but make sure that the plants are not toxic to the tortoise. The tortoise must not be able to escape from it, because of their climbing behavior, a fence of 50 cm is really needed. It must be last safe for dogs, cats and other predators.
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